Peat is a CHP cornerstone in Finland
The Finnish energy system is characterized by CHP using wood and peat as fuel. Peat plays an essential role in the big picture, as it ensures the continuity of power plant operations during the coldest times of the year, and if wood fuels are unavailable. Peat differs from wood fuels in the sense that it can be stored for extended periods of time without a significant reduction in its energy value.
There are 60 CHP power plants in Finland. In addition, there are some 120 heating plants that use peat (and wood) as fuel, and hundreds of smaller peat-fueled heating centers located at farms, greenhouses, amongst others. The homes, schools and workplaces of approximately one million Finns are heated entirely or partially by peat. The production and use of peat directly and indirectly employs more than 10,000 people in Finland.
Finland emphasizes the use of biomass and the impact of advanced biofuels on the improvement of energy security as native sources of energy, cost efficiency and competitiveness in energy efficiency as well as the significance of peat as domestic fuel that can be utilized regionally.