An important local fuel in Estonia
Peat has been included as a fuel source in the Estonian National Development Plan for the Energy Sector until 2030. One of the main goals of the plan is to produce most of the country’s heating energy from renewables and peat. Considering peat’s significant energy potential, local origin, availability and low cost, the possibilities for using peat-fueled facilities should be increased to the same level as other fuels.
The country currently has two peat-fueled combined heat and power plants (CHP) and 21 district heating plants. Peat also has regional significance, particularly in heating production, and in electricity production. Some 82,000 Estonians use heating produced by peat, and production operations provide jobs for more than 300 people. While these may not sound like large figures, the local impact is significant in such a small country.